(1) The Common Provisions part of the Agreement (Articles 1 to 8) contains mainly provisions relating to the implementation, application and interpretation of the Agreement. The United Kingdom left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020. A transitional period now applies until 31 December 2020. During this period, the UK must comply with all EU rules and laws. For businesses or for the public, almost nothing changes. After the transition period, there will be changes, whether or not an agreement is reached on the new relationship between the UK and the EU. This time, the two sides fail to make progress on a long-standing disagreement over truck drivers` rights after Brexit, with Barnier expressing surprise at the UK debate over the loss of transport rights after Brexit, stressing that any future access would depend on the adoption of EU standards on freight forwarders` working hours and other regulations. Prime Minister Boris Johnson wins the British general election. It is therefore likely that the Brexit agreement will be adopted soon. If the UK Parliament approves the deal, the European Parliament will be able to vote on it in January. The most important provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement are as follows: The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020. This period can be extended once by one or two years, but this extension must be decided by mutual agreement between the EU and the UK before 1 July 2020.
That date has now passed without an extension having been agreed. The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the conditions for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM). The text was initially approved by the negotiators on 14 November 2018 and approved by the European Council on 25 November 2018 (Article 50). Following the change of government in the United Kingdom, the parties` negotiators revised the text of the Withdrawal Agreement, in particular as regards the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. Negotiators reached a new agreement on 17 October 2019. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) ratified the new text. On the 24th. In January 2020, the European Union and the United Kingdom signed the Withdrawal Agreement. Following the positive vote of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020 and the Council decision on the conclusion of the Withdrawal Agreement on 30 January 2020, the Withdrawal Agreement entered into force on 1 February 2020. The Declaration on the Future Relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration negotiated and signed in conjunction with the binding and broader Withdrawal Agreement in the context of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union (EU), colloquially known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. The British Parliament rejects the agreement for the third time. The UK has up to 12.
April 2019 It is time to decide on the way forward: Finland was represented at the European Council by the Prime Minister and at the General Affairs Council by the Minister for European Affairs. In addition, an ad hoc group on Article 50 has been set up, composed of experts from the Member States, to assist the Council in the withdrawal negotiations. The working group met weekly in Brussels. After all the extensions of the exit date and the endless discussions in Westminster about when, how and if we should leave the EU, negotiations are now underway on what a future trade deal between the UK and the EU will look like. The UK submitted its withdrawal notice to the EU on 29 March 2017. This triggered a withdrawal procedure within the meaning of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. Negotiations took place on 17 September. October 2019 completed. The European Union also agreed to ratify the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by email on 30 January 2020.  Accordingly, the European Union also deposited its instrument of ratification of the Agreement on 30 January 2020, which concluded the Agreement and allowed it to enter into force at 23.m GMT on 31 January 2020 at the time of the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the Union.
The European Union and the United Kingdom have approved the Withdrawal Agreement. The British Parliament and the European Parliament have yet to approve the Withdrawal Agreement. The United Kingdom triggers Article 50. This means that negotiations on the UK`s exit from the EU can begin. The EU and the UK have two years to reach an agreement. On 22nd October the British Parliament agreed to review the Brexit legislation. But he decided it needed longer than the British Prime Minister had proposed. This means that a withdrawal with an agreement on the scheduled Brexit date of 31 October is no longer possible. The Brexit deal will not come into force until the Brexit law is passed by the UK Parliament. Von der Leyen tweeted: „Charles Michel and I have just signed the agreement on the UK`s withdrawal from the EU, paving the way for its ratification by the European Parliament.“ The agreement defines the goods, services and associated processes. It argues that any goods or services lawfully placed on the market before leaving the Union may continue to be made available to consumers in the United Kingdom or in the Member States of the European Union (Articles 40 and 41).
The House of Commons votes in favour of the Brexit bill. This means that the UK is on track to leave the EU on 31 January. However, the House of Lords and the European Parliament have not yet approved the agreement. The European Union and the United Kingdom reach a draft withdrawal agreement. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the Political Declaration by replacing the word „appropriate“ with „appropriate“ in relation to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, Trade Fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the change excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the level playing field mechanism has moved from the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement to the Political Declaration and the line in the Political Declaration that „the UK will consider aligning itself with EU legislation in relevant areas“ has been deleted.  The UK Parliament decides that a further extension of the Brexit date is necessary as it intends to review the relevant legislation before voting on the Withdrawal Agreement.
The British government then called on the EU to postpone the Brexit date to 31 January 2020. The government says it will reintroduce the clauses when the bill goes back to the House of Commons in December. EU leaders approve a postponement of the Brexit date to 31 September. January 2020 or earlier, if the UK and the European Parliaments have already approved the Withdrawal Agreement. All new Conservative MPs promise to back Johnson`s deal, meaning his 80-person majority has no problem passing the deal by 330 votes to 231. The Withdrawal Agreement provided for a transition period until the end of 2020, during which the EU and the UK largely continued as if the UK were still a member of the EU. The only substantial exception was that the UK was no longer involved in the EU decision-making process or in the activities of the EU institutions during the transition period. The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which the UK will remain in the Single Market to ensure smooth trade until a long-term relationship is agreed. If no agreement is reached by that date, the UK will leave the single market on 1 January 2021 without a trade agreement. A non-binding political declaration on the future relationship between the EU and the UK is closely linked to the Withdrawal Agreement. The British Parliament approved the draft agreement at the time by passing the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020 on 23 January 2020.
Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom published and deposited the British Instrument of Ratification of the Agreement on 29 January 2020.   The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union took place on 31 January 2020 to 11 .m. GMT entered into force and, at that time, the Withdrawal Agreement entered into force in accordance with Article 185. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the „Irish backstop“, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement that outlined provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland after the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The Protocol contains a provision on a safety net to deal with circumstances in which other satisfactory arrangements have yet to enter into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol which will be described below. A week before the January 31 deadline, the deal is now concluded and discussions on the future relationship between the UK and Brussels are due to begin. On Friday, EU leaders signed the document in Brussels before it was transported by train to London. Johnson said he would not use the option available to him in the Withdrawal Agreement to extend this transition period.
The prime minister said the 11-month deadline, which is available without further extension, is „sufficient“ to reach an agreement on a comprehensive agreement. The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement on citizens` rights and the financial terms of Brexit. .